Important Awards Received by Sikkim.
The State of Sikkim was awarded “4th JRD Tata Memorial Award 2008” for outstanding improvement in the important health indicators.
In recognition to the States progress in terms of Maternal & Child Health and Family Planning, Sikkim was selected among the category of smaller states for the 4th JRD Tata Memorial Awards in 2008.The JRD Tata Memorial award, instituted by the Public Health Foundation of India is a national award for the best State and the best districts with outstanding performance in population and reproductive health and family planning programme. Among the smaller states (population of less than 10 million), Sikkim did well in relation to all the indicators considered for the 4th JRD Tata Memorial award.
The State also received the “Best performance in Immunization”’.
Delivering effective and safe vaccines through an efficient delivery system
is one of the most cost effective public health interventions. Immunization programmes aim to reduce mortality and morbidity due to vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs).That, no confirmed cases of most vaccine preventable diseases covered under the Universal Immunization Programme like diphtheria, acute poliomyelitis, neonatal tetanus and whooping cough have been reported in the recent past, is a testimony to the efforts put in by the state.
Not resting on laurels but staying committed towards the cause of a Healthy
Sikkim the state in its own initiative became the first state in the country to launch the Hepatitis B vaccine programme from the State Plan Fund on 14th August, 2001, for infants in the age group (0-1) years. The programme has now been revised to cover age group of upto 5 years. Furthering such new initiatives, on 15th August, 2009 MMR vaccine for the children in the Immunization Programme of State government was launched free of cost from the State Plan Funds. At present State is in the final stage of launching HPV vaccines for adolescent’s girls to prevent cervical cancer amongst women.
India Today conclave award for the best Primary Health care services among smaller states.
In terms of key health indicators the state is considered one of the Good Performing States in the country. Over the past twenty years the state has managed to stay ahead of many of the key goals set by the different Planning Commissions based on the Millennium Development Goals and recently Sustainable Development Goals. While the indicators reflect the end results of the efforts put in terms of manpower, equipment, infrastructure and supplies, it is the processes that the Government has put in place over the last two decades to ensure the right environment for all round development which has been the driving force behind these gains.
Primary Health Care has been the corner stone of its effort to a Healthy Sikkim and the State has invested well towards this effort. Recognizing that grass roots level efforts to improve healthcare make a real difference in settings with limited resources it has been this Governments endeavour to bring about improvement in the health sector through its most peripheral health facilities. Primary Health Care starting from the village level Sub centre has always been this Government’s priority. Under the Panchayati Raj Act Sikkim was one of the first states in the country to devolve the powers of the sub centre to the PRI not only to empower the community but also as an effort towards community ownership.
While states across the country struggled to have Doctors posted to man the Primary Health Centres, Medical Officers in the state voluntarily requested to be posted to the PHCs. The posting of Doctors to the PHCs was made possible by the Government putting in place a policy to allow only doctors with three years PHC (rural) service permission to pursue Post Graduation.
Four Nurses namely; Mrs. Lassong Tamang, Mrs. Lakmit Lepcha, Mrs. Kesang Youden and Mrs. Madhu Mishra from Sikkim were awarded “Florence Nightingale National Award” in 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2016.
Maximum Improvement Inpatient Department Services Award:
The state stood first rank for maximum improvement in IPD services among small states in Public Health Facilities during the period 2014 – 15 to 2015-16. It was awarded in a function National Summit on Good, Replicable Practices and Innovations in Public Healthcare Systems in India held from 29th to 31st August 2016 at Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
State also received award for the best leadership in the delivery of Health Care at 2nd Annual Healthcare Summit Jaipur, Rajasthan on 23rd September 2016.
J.R.D. Tata Memorial Award on Population and Reproduction Health Programme
Award for maximum improvement in IPD services among small states in Public Health Facilities during the period 2014 – 15 to 2015-16
Important Act Enacted in the Interest of Public Health.
Cigarette & Tobacco control Act.
The Sikkim Prohibition of Smoking and Non Smokers Health Protection Act 1997 was passed and enforced in Sikkim in the first day of April, 1998. Sikkim was one of the few states to enforce the Act. The Cigarette and other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution (COTPA) Act 2003 was enforced in India w.e.f. 25th February 2004 only. Further the prohibition of Smoking in Public Places Rules, 2008 was enforced in 2nd October, 2008.
In Sikkim, COTPA 2003 was republished and was enforced on 8th September 2008. District and State Tobacco Cell formation, Awareness creation, training of the NGOs and Law enforcers and enforcement of ban on Smoking in Public places are being carried out in the State of Sikkim.
Ban on sale of Gutka.
‘Gutka’ (Pan Masala Sachet containing Tobacco products) was banned for sale in the State of Sikkim vide notification No. 302/H/PFA dated 07/07/2001 for the whole of State under clause IV of section 7 of PFA Act 1954 ( Act no.37 of 1954) with rule 3(i) (a) of Sikkim Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules 1991 (c).
Sikkim Anti Drug Act (SADA), 2006.
Sikkim Anti Drug Act was enacted on 17th April, 2006 and enforced in the year 2007 in the State. Its aims and objectives to control, regulate and prevent the abuse of controlled substances with abuse potential being misused by addicts and traffickers. Further to make stringent provision to deal with ever increasing phenomenon of abuse of medical preparations and matters connected therewith.
IN 2017, Major amendment of SADA, 2006 has been proposed by the Health Department, where more stringent penal provisions specially for the drug traffickers have been made.
Ban on bursting of Crackers in the whole of state from 2015 has helped reduce pollution of environment which in the long run will immensely benefit Health of the population.